Solitary Confinement: Torture by Any Other Name?

In 1842, Charles Dickens wrote that an inmate in solitary confinement “is a man buried alive … dead to everything but torturing anxieties and horrible despair.”

In their Statement for the Record to the Senate Judiciary Committee on Solitary Confinement in June of 2012, the Physicians for Human Rights confirmed that 170 years later, Dickens’ observations still apply. Although the harmful effects of solitary confinement have been well documented since its first use in the early 19th century, isolation has seen a resurgence in popularity since the 1980s. Solitary Watch offers the following estimate on the number of U.S. prisoners currently detained inside cramped, concrete, windowless cells in a state of near-total solitude:

“Based on available data, there are at least 80,000 prisoners in isolated confinement on any given day in America’s prisons and jails, including some 25,000 in long-term solitary in super-max prisons.”

Utah State Prison’s Uinta 1 facility, the prison’s super-maximum solitary confinement unit, is always at or near its 96-inmate capacity. Prisoners have reported a series of violations to Solitary Watch over the years.

What is Solitary Confinement?

Solitary confinement is also known as isolation, control units, supermax prisons, the hole, SHUs (Special Housing Units), administrative segregation, maximum security, or permanent lockdown.

Prisoners can be placed in these units as punishment, for holding while they are under investigation, for behavior modification purposes, due to gang involvement, or as retribution for political activism. Jailhouse lawyers and jailhouse doctors are often placed in solitary confinement to curtail their advocacy work on behalf of other inmates.

A 2006 investigation found that as many as 64 percent of prisoners in isolation were mentally ill. People of color are over represented in isolation units as they are in prisons overall.

The tiny, well-lit cells have a toilet, a sink, and a steel bed. There is a small slot in the door to accommodate a food tray. Prisoners usually have their phone, mail, and visit privileges revoked. A 2014 study found that over 90 percent of New York City’s inmates did not even receive their legally required one-hour of recreation outside of their 7-by-12-foot cells. A 2012 letter from a Raleigh, N.C. prisoner, describes life in his 6-by-8-foot cell with one hour of daily recreation, walking around a cage.

SHU Syndrome and Prison Psychosis

Prolonged solitary confinement has been demonstrated to cause anxiety, depression, anger, paranoia, hallucinations, confused thought processes, and violent fantasies. Self-harm and suicide are more common in solitary than among the general prison population.

Physiological effects include headaches, lethargy, nightmares, insomnia, dizziness, heart palpitations, oversensitivity to noise and touch, digestive problems, weight loss, and eyesight deterioration. The Physicians for Human Rights add that “because they have more limited access to medical services, both pre-existing illnesses and illnesses resulting from time spent in solitary confinement often go untreated.”

Many prisoners are released directly to the streets after spending years in isolation, American Friends Service Committee states. “Because of this, long-term solitary confinement goes beyond a problem of prison conditions, to pose a formidable public safety and community health problem.” Because inmates are prohibited from educational and vocational opportunities and have limited visitation rights during their incarceration, they are “deeply traumatized and essentially socially disabled.” It is no surprise that their recidivism rates are high.

In testimony before the Senate Judiciary on Solitary Confinement in 2012, the Physicians for Human Rights concluded:

“The physiological and, especially, psychological harm caused by even a relatively short period in solitary confinement is indisputable…There is no question that the harm caused to an inmate or detainee kept in solitary confinement outweighs any benefit in all but the most extreme cases.”

Is Solitary Confinement Torture?

The Physicians for Human Rights believe so. In the way in which it is used in the United States today, solitary confinement constitutes torture and/or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment, in violation of both international law and America’s founding principles.”

International human rights experts have recommended that solitary confinement be abolished totally as a human rights abuse and form of torture. In August 2011, Juan Mendez, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, “concluded that even 15 days in solitary confinement constitutes torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and 15 days is the limit after which irreversible harmful psychological effects can occur.”

24 Hour Bail Bondsman in Utah

Bad Boys Bail Bonds agents are available 24/7, 365 days a year, serving the entire state of Utah for their bail bonding needs. We are a family owned company who will make sure your loved ones spend as little as time as possible in jail. Contact a Utah Bad Boys Bail Bonds agent today!

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Larry Nowak
They were available on Easter Sunday and were very professional. They were on time and made the process very easy. I would definitely recommend them.
Kyley Stone
Kyley Stone
21:50 04 Apr 21
Great bail bond company. Fast, knowledgeable, and kind!
Chevelle Garnett
Chevelle Garnett
21:26 06 Oct 20
The owner is amazing and helped out so much. Highly recommend!!
Brianna Kirstine
Brianna Kirstine
16:19 16 Mar 20
My boyfriend got arrested and I had no idea what to do. Larry and Mike were amazing throughout the whole process. If I ever go through this situation again I will give Bad Boys a call!!
Gabi Dowland
Gabi Dowland
06:11 28 Feb 20
Good people working there!
Kate Mackenzie
Kate Mackenzie
03:18 29 Jan 20
These guys are amazing. They are very knowledgeable, they explained everything very thoroughly and they were quick. They literally met up with me within 30 minutes of calling and started paper work. Highly recommend them!
Lindsay Mashburn
Lindsay Mashburn
01:54 11 Jan 20
Larry and his team are awesome! I called around noon and by 430 we helped and on our way! They didn't make me feel stupid about the situation I found myself in. They made sure I understood the situation and that I would be able to keep the promises I was about to make. Super down to earth and absolutely pleasant to work with. I hope non of y'all require these services but if you do 10/10 would recommend
ollie baum
ollie baum
14:33 31 May 19
So Larry and his staff ,have been awesome for me and my family and my wife, they actually care about treating you as a human being,rather than a pay day.I would recommend Badboys to anyone that is tired of being treated like a subhuman,or a number
Babe Trujillo
Babe Trujillo
19:24 27 Apr 19
To the Bad Boys Bail Bondsman of Salt Lake City!!87 days ago we spent as a family effortless hours trying to locate our brother!! BECAUSE he is clinical it made the ordeal looking for him that much harder. By the grace of God and social media we located him here and Utah and after driving 11 hours from chaotic California to Utah and having the experience of such a serene peaceful Majestic atmosphere we don't question why he ended up here anymore we're just thankful to God he did!Knocking on so many doors that did not open and spending countless hours making phone calls that went unreturned left us IN despair!!But the Creator lead us to Google and when we typed in bail bondsman Bad Boys was the first bail bondsman at the top of the list!! Thank you so very much to the owner Larry and his incredible compassionate employee Mike if it were not for these two men spending countless hours on the phone allowing us to share our story, our experience, our hopes and prayers we would have not been able to execute a bail bond and release for our brother and father.Words cannot express our gratitude but we are so thankful for the day that you picked up the phone, and allowed us to vent took into consideration the story and evidence and in the most humanitarian way treated our brother as if he were YOUR OWN👍😁.TO ANYONE WHO FINDS HIM OR HERSELF IN A SITUATION OF NEED LIKE WE DID!! DON'T HESITATE TO CALL THIS COMPANY AND ASK FOR LARRY. He's a great listener, he's a great educator of the law and human rights his employees work diligently and effortlessly to make sure that they treat each and every situation in their own way with critical care.To BAD BOYS BAIL BOND WE'RE FOR EVER GRATEFUL AND YOU WILL ALWAYS HAVE FAMILY IN CALIFORNIA AS WE KNOW WE HAVE FAMILY IN HERE IN UTAH.LOVE 4EVER,CHANDLER FAMILY
Latoya Chandler
Latoya Chandler
02:35 27 Mar 19
They have changed my whole life I’ve never seen so much care and compassion id recommend 200 times over my family is going home so complete and happy
Salihahdaone Emajesty
Salihahdaone Emajesty
02:15 27 Mar 19
Larry the owner is fantastic and you can tell he really cares. He does his best to keep you well informed about the possibilities and what he, as a professional, sees as the best option. He will even discourage bailing someone out when it’s in their best interest. Very knowledgeable and courteous. You can tell he’s been doing this for years and he does his best to work with everyone’s individual circumstances. In times of stress, he’s honestly your best bet. Everyone else is lazy and just looking to make a quick buck. Larry offered me help and answers even though I didn’t end up using his services and still insists that I call him if I have more questions. We were able to talk through all the possibilities and he’s kept me well informed since I called him at 3 this morning! Amazing person. Am waiting and hoping that bail will be reduced and when that happens we’ll definitely use Larry’s services. Appreciate your great work and customer service, especially in such stressful times.
Lena Darling
Lena Darling
21:02 16 Mar 19
Sorry, not my real last name but my review is. I talked with the owner Mike and I cannot say enough good words about him so "awesome" will have to do. And the Bail Agent Mike was also. Both gentlemen were very quick, knowledgeable, friendly, professional, and extremely helpful. They both made my dealing with this situation so much easier. I highly recommend Bad Boys Bail Bonds if you find yourself, family or friends in need if bail.
Stephen Greho
Stephen Greho
22:51 15 Feb 19
I highly recommend Bad Boys Bail Bonds. This is the first time my family and I have ever had to use such a service, and we’re glad that our first time experience was a pleasant one! They work quickly and effectively! I worked with my Mike and he did a great job simplifying the process and making sure I was aware of my situation and the things I needed to take care of.He also clarified what to do if certain scenarios were to come to fruition, and that we can just call them! I hope I never have to use such a service again, but if it does, I will definitely contact them.Words of a Free Man.
John Otu
John Otu
19:08 11 Jan 19
I wasn't able to use his services cuz I got OR'd but great man
Daniel Houston
Daniel Houston
19:11 10 Jan 19
These guys are awesome Larry was great helped us get someone out without having to pay a bail they are awesome.
melece kirkham
melece kirkham
16:42 01 Jan 19
This company has been nothing but kind and professional with me. I spent over an hour talking with the owner after getting me out of jail ASAP. I can tell you it is more than the bail money they want but a very very very strong desire to help people that drives this company. I strongly recommend them if you find yourself in the unfortunate situation of needing a bond. If I could give them more than 5 stars I would gladly give 100’s. You can not go wrong with them!!!! I don’t rate companies online but after the service provided to me they whole hearted deserved my comments. AAA+ company!!!!
Jeremiah Taylor
Jeremiah Taylor
12:17 14 Nov 18
I can’t thank Larry and Kendall enough for all they did. Very fast and professional. Larry talked me into waiting two days for my son to go to court and the bail was reduced significantly, saving me a lot of money. He could have taken my money initially as I was ready to pay, but after talking me through the process he helped me to see it wasn’t just about money to him, it was about helping others. Kendall came to my house, I don’t drive at night, he was fast professional and very knowledgeable. I would highly recommend Bad Boys if you want to be treated fairly and know the process.
Stan Nowak
Stan Nowak
03:12 19 Oct 18
Larry went above and beyond for my family this week. He answered all my questions and did everything in his power to help us get through this difficult time. He stayed on the line while I cried my heart out. He worked with us every step of the way and never brushed me off. He made everything convenient and easy for us. I recommend you to everyone! Thank you for your awesome service
davy sy
davy sy
18:42 29 Jun 18
This place is the Best Larry kept his word on a book and release $150,000 dollar bail for a friend he called the jail every 5 minutes during the process to make sure it went smooth faxed the paper work and got him released with fast response time this guy larry is the real deal hes a real person that understands the process and that life sometimes sucks he met us on his day off and always answers your calls we were working with him for weeks and he checked every day this guy larry is the follow up king if your ever in serious trouble and need the most reliable man of his word bail bond company larry is the guy to go to he made it a comfortable process as much as it could be thank you larry if we could give more stars we would thanks !
Brian Chow
Brian Chow
05:20 28 Jun 18
I wasn't 100% sure about the bail bonds process and needed to get help fast. Larry had all my questions answered, was able to get the help I needed and bail posted within a few hours. This bail bonds company is awesome!
Brandon Swenson
Brandon Swenson
16:37 11 Aug 16
I needed answers to questions and had no previous experience with bail bonds. Bad boys was very respectful and professional and answered all my questions and made sure that I understood everything I needed to know in helping a loved one through a difficult time. I would definately recommend Bad Boys Bail Bonds to anyone needing this type of service.
Kelly Jones
Kelly Jones
18:25 21 Oct 15
Bad Boys Bail Bonds have helped me in a couple of rough situations by being fair, understanding, and affordable. I could call them any day or night and get the help I needed which extends through the whole court process. I would definitely recommend Bad Boys Bail Bonds to anybody needing bonding and court services.
e davis
e davis
15:46 06 Oct 15
I've known Larry and Bad Boys Bail Bonds for years. They truly are on call 24/7 and have been nothing but courteous and professional, even when it takes them away from their personal lives. Thanks Larry and staff for always being there when needed.
Angilee DuBreuil
Angilee DuBreuil
03:18 06 Oct 15
I've been working with bad boys bail for many years and I've had nothing but friendly and helpful service..I have given lots of people their number and have heard the same thing from them thank u larry and ur staff..much appreciatedT
Jeffrey Manzanares
Jeffrey Manzanares
19:28 05 Oct 15
Bad boys are incredible, I have a cousin that tends to get himself in to trouble far too often and Larry has been great about always helping us out even though the trouble seems to be a repeat performance. He's very accommodating and kind to the entire family in the situation. Thanks, bad boys! :)
Ashley Lunt
Ashley Lunt
18:11 26 Feb 14
You never know when you or a loved one may be in need of a bail bond. Luckily, Bad Boys Bail Bonds is open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year—available to get customers the help they need when they need it. They’re able to provide assistance that’s quick and friendly—both important qualities in a world where bail bondsmen can be difficult to deal with. When you need a bail bond, you also need a team with experience. The team at Bad Boys Bail Bonds has over 25 years in the bail bonds business. They are a local, family-owned business with agents in different locations throughout Utah to better serve their customers. They can often deal with out of state cases as well. They listen to your case, make sure they understand what you need, and do all they can to help you out. And you don’t have to worry about Bad Boys Bail Bonds sharing information about your case. The information you give with them stays confidential.
Tori Edwards
Tori Edwards
17:01 11 Jul 13

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P.O. Box 1286
Salt Lake City, Utah 84110
United States
Phone (801) 895-4014
Email: info@badboysbailbondsutah.com
 

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