State Versus Federal Bail Bonds: Utah

Utah-versus-federal-bail-bond-laws-statutes

If you have ever been arrested, you understand the freedom “posting bail” provides; it prevents the defendant from sitting in a jail cell until a judge is available for the bail hearing. It gives the defendant a chance to spend time with loved ones, make arrangements, and take care of unfinished business before being potentially incarcerated. It also allows defendants to return to work and preserve their job.

A Bail Bondsman: Your Ticket Out

Bail can be paid with cash or money order in most jurisdictions. When defendants do not have adequate funds to pay bail, they may have an option to pay a bond instead. A bond is a small portion of the bail amount accompanied by a promise to pay the full amount if the defendant fails to return to appear in court on a predetermined date. The accused who are not able to post bond may elect to use a bail bondsman, who will complete legal paperwork and post bond for the defendant in return for a fee and a collateral.

Federal Bail Bond Statutes

Bail bond statutes will vary between state and federal courts. When suspects will be tried in federal court, federal statutes govern the bail bond process. Federal bail bond statues now allow courts to retain individuals who are considered dangerous before trial to protect the public. They also govern which individuals can be retained without bail, including:

  • those charged with a violent crime
  • those charged with an offense accompanied by a maximum sentence of life in prison or the death penalty
  • those charged with drug offenses carrying a maximum penalty of more than ten years in prison
  • those charged with a felony offense who have been previously convicted of a felony
  • those who pose a serious risk of failure to return/flight
  • those who pose a serious risk of obstruction of justice
  • and those who pose a serious risk of witness tampering

Utah State Bail Bond Statutes

The state of Utah clearly and carefully governs those practicing bail bonds and ensures they conduct business ethically and according to stringent licensing and ethical guidelines. Furthermore, just as federal statutes address the federal bail bond process, Utah statutes cover the same topics with variances in some areas.badboysbailbondsutahlogo

In the state of Utah, those charged with a capital felony or a felony committed while on probation and those who pose a danger to others if released can be held without bail. Furthermore, Utah statutes prohibit bail for those arrested for failure to appear. This is different than federal guidelines in that those who are charged with a violent crime may still post bail if there is no reason to believe they are a danger to the public or any specific person or group.

Utah bail statutes also allow a surety (or a bondsman) to arrest and produce to court an individual who failed to appear. In this case, the agent is required to identify himself or herself appropriately and follow all law governing arrest by surety in the state of Utah. In order to become a “bail recovery agent” with the power to arrest additional guidelines must be met.

 

Choosing the Right Utah Bail Bond Agency

The right bail bondsman or agency will have thorough knowledge of state and federal guidelines and conduct their business in a professional, confidential, and ethical manner. To explore the possibility of posting bond for you or a loved one, visit Bad Boys Bail Bonds or call 866-306-8227 today to discuss your case. Bad Boys Bail Bonds Utah is a family owned bail bond business who believes that you are innocent until proven guilty.BBBB transparent

7 Frequently Asked Bail Bonds Questions ANSWERED

7 Frequently Asked Bail Bonds Questions ANSWERED

What Should I Know Before I Contact a Utah Bail Agent?

Getting mixed up with legal trouble can be scary and confusing especially if you are not sure of how to post bail to get out. Bad Boys Bail Bonds Utah is able to assist in posting bails, navigating the bail system, and help your loved ones figure out what they need to even begin.

[Read more…]

Factors Judges Consider When Setting Bail Amounts

Factors Judges Consider When Setting Bail Amounts

How is the Utah Bail Schedule Determined?

The first person you call when you’ve been arrested is likely your lawyer. If your alleged crime is severe, though, you’ll probably need to make a call to a bail bondsman. Not all crimes warrant the need of a bail bondsman. Minor offenses may allow the officers at the jail to issue a standard bail amount and release an arrestee with little or no time in a jail cell. Jailhouses usually have a bail schedule that they refer to for minor offenses. Serious offenses, however, may require a bail hearing by a judge. In this scenario, the arrestee waits in a jail cell until the judge is available. Several factors go into a judge’s bail determination.

[Read more…]

Your Role as a Co-Signor of a Utah Bail Bond

Your Role as a Co-Signor of a Utah Bail Bond

What Does Co-signing a Bail Bond Mean?

Co-signing a bail bond entails signing a promissory note or an indemnity agreement which financially obligates you to pay the entire bail amount if the accused person or persons do not appear in court. After co-signing the bail bond, the accused will subsequently be released from detention during the resolution period in which his or her charges will be heard in a court of law. Two important points about co-signing:

  • Upon procuring a co-signer, the detainee is guaranteed release if all requirements are met.
  • A co-signer has every right and duty to assure that the accused appear at court proceedings and any other requirements requested upon by the bond.

What Does it Mean to be a Co-signer?

The process of co-signing a bail bond entails providing physical property, such as cash, cars, and other valued items as a form of collateral. By providing these tangible items, the bail bondsman is guaranteed to recover the money he or she has pledged to the court in the form of a surety bond. If for any reason the accused fails to appear in court within a specified period of time or purposefully flees, it is the co-signer’s responsibility to pay the entire bond amount or surrender all property that was provided to the bail bond company as collateral.

The co-signer has the right to require stipulations before co-signing. Stipulations can take many forms, for example, requiring that the accused attend a drug treatment program or be evaluated by doctors and other health professionals. The co-signer has the right to ask the bond company to cancel the bond if the accused exhibits any behavior that is deemed uncomfortable or questionable – thus returning the accused to jail. In the instance that the accused flees, the co-signer can report the location of the accused to the bail bond company in an effort to apprehend the accused and return that person to jail.

Who Can Be a Co-signer?

No everyone is eligible to co-sign a bail bond. In order to be a co-signer, a person must be a legal citizen of the United States of America, have lived in the same geographic area for a predetermined period of time, have a reliable and stable source of income, and have sufficient credit.

What are Typical Bail Bond Fees?

The website for professional bail agents of the United States (PBUS) says that a bail bond company will receive a predetermined percentage of the bond as a fee for assuring the bond and securing the release of the detained. The bail bond company fee is usually around 10 percent of the total amount – 10 percent is the lowest amount required by law. The 10 percent fee must usually be paid with cash and is non-refundable to the co-signer.

What Happens if the Person Does Not Show Up for Court?

  • If the bail bond company must hire a bounty hunter to retrieve the accused after not appearing in court or attempting to flee, those individuals who paid the bond must pay for these additional services.
  • Skipping a bail, not appearing in court, or attempting to flee assures extended jail time for the accused.
  • The Utah Bail Bond Company will work alongside individuals without collateral and guarantee a charge of no more than 10 percent, the minimum bail fee allowed by law!

Utah Bail Bond Company

Bad Boys Bail Bonds is a family owned and operated bail bonding company serving the entire state of Utah. We are open 24 hours a day 365 days a year to assist you with all your bail bonding needs. We are a fast, friendly, confidential and professional company that is dedicated to helping you and your loved ones in your time of need. We hope you don’t need us, but if you do we will be there. At Bad Boys we believe you are innocent until proven guilty and we treat you that way.

Can Cops Lie?

utah-bail-bondsman

When you’re talking to a police officer or a suspected police officer, you need to keep yourself legally safe. To do this, you need to know what your legal rights are, and which myths about cops are true. Here’s what you need to know about speaking to the cops.

Conversations With Police Officers

KnowYourRights_v4Your conversation with a police officer will vary depending on the circumstances. Generally, there are three situations when you’ll speak to a cop:

  • General conversations

If there’s a crime or investigation, police officers may question nearby citizens. You have no legal obligation to respond to their questions, and may politely decline. Lying, however, is considered obstruction of justice.

  • You’re detained

You’re considered detained when a police officer has shown enough authority that you are no longer clear to leave. This could occur if you’re pulled over, or if an officer asks you to stop walking. At this point, you still have the option of silence. You should avoid moving on until given express consent to leave.

  • You’re under arrest

Arrests are when you’re held against your will. This means being handcuffed or brought to the station. It deprives you of your right to move around freely, but your right of silence remains.

In these situations, the safest thing you can legally say is something along these lines: “I wish to invoke my right of silence. I want to talk to my lawyer.” At this point, police officers will be required by law to stop. If they don’t, repeat your phrase politely until they stop.

The Myth That Cops Can’t Lie

The biggest reason to invoke your right of silence is because cops can legally lie. The fact that they must answer ‘are you a cop’ truthfully is a myth. It it was true, undercover operations would be pointless.

Cops can claim they have evidence, witnesses, or confessions that they actually don’t have. If you find yourself in this situation, just repeat that you wish to remain silent and speak to your lawyer. It’s your best legal defense.

By law, entrapment occurs when an officer uses overbearing coercion to incriminate you. This means using tactics that would cause most people to plead guilty, regardless of if they’re guilty or not. Specific entrapment laws vary by state.

Will Cops Charge You If You’re Uncooperative?

Another common myth is that a police officer will charge you if you decline to speak with them. Actually, police officers aren’t able to make any charges against you. They’re only able to make recommendations. The prosecutor is the person who’s able to bring charges against you.

This makes it even more important that you don’t give away any unnecessary information. Many criminals end up getting charged because of the evidence they gave away willingly!

Safely Interacting With Police Officers

No matter how brief your conversation with an officer is, you need to know how to safely interact with them. A police officer’s biggest concern is safety. Therefore, your actions should ensure that they feel completely at ease. An officer who is nervous will be much tougher to deal with.

Here are some tips for safely dealing with cops:

  • Keep your hands in view at all times. Don’t place them in your pockets.
  • Don’t make any sudden movements. If you need to reach for something, do so slowly.
  • Never touch any police equipment – this is threatening. This includes police animals, flashlights, and vehicles.
  • Remain calm and collected.

At Bad Boys Bail Bonds Utah, we believe you’re innocent until proven guilty, and we treat you that way. If you do catch yourself on the wrong side of the law, we’re here to assist you with any bail bond needs. For your convenience, we’re open 24/7, 365 days a year.

Prisoner Rights vs Prisoner Privileges: What Is the Difference?

inmate rights vs privlages

Recently Greg Holt, an inmate in Arkansas, sought to grow a beard for religious purposes, which is denied to inmates except for those who cannot shave due to medical problems.  Is this a right or a privilege?  And if it is a privilege, do all inmates all get the same access to privileges?

What Is the Difference Between a Right and a Privilege?

Inmate rights is a right which is guaranteed by constitution or statute, either state or federal, which may not lawfully be suspended for any reason without due process of law. A privilege is that which is granted, sometimes conditionally, by the written rules governing the operations of a facility, which may be suspended in accordance with those rules.

So then, is Mr. Holt’s beard, grown for religious purposes, a right or a privilege?  According to a recent decision by the Supreme Court, it is a First Amendment to free exercise of religion that cannot be suspended by the state without a compelling reason.  The prison claimed that contraband could be hidden in the beard which would create significant safety issues.  According to Justice Alito, the idea that security “would be seriously compromised by allowing an inmate to grow a half-inch beard is hard to take seriously.”

According to the Fourteenth Amendment, “no state…shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law,” meaning that state governments cannot deprive their citizens of constitutional protections such as privacy or freedom of speech and religion.  This due process protection is not as clearly applied to those who are incarcerated.  For example, prisoners have no Fourth Amendment expectation of privacy while incarcerated, yet retain substantial First Amendment speech and religious rights.  In addition, basic rights anchored in law include housing, food and drinks, basic clothing, a bed and a mattress, physical and mental health care, and legal aid and representation, including filing petitions to the court.

On the other hand, privileges are those freedoms within prison that provide entertainment, comfort, recreation, and mental stimulation.  Privileges are not constitutionally protected, can be offered and retracted by the prison, and may be offered to some inmates and not others.

Do All Inmates Have Access to the Same Privileges?

In a word, no.

Prisons assign individual classification levels to inmates, which are almost always based on the offender’s behavior while incarcerated and only sometimes are based on the crime that led them to prison. If an offender disagrees with his/her classification, it can be challenged through a Classification Review Officer.

Inmates also have varying privileges based on a matrix level prescribed by an Offender Management Review team, which looks at the inmate’s prison accomplishments and/or failures. A prisoner’s classification impacts everything from the number of visits and phone calls an offender can make to how much out-of-cell time is allowed and how much they can access education, programming, and other services.

What Are Some Examples of Inmate Privileges?

  • Access to formal and informal educational programs.  These programs might include GED programs, vocational training, college courses, or simply library and computer access.  According to Congressman Bobby Scott, studies “have shown that inmate participation in education, vocational and job training, prison work skills development…all reduce recidivism, significantly.”
  • Communication with loved ones.  Visitation, telephone calls, letters all work to keep an inmate connected with his family.
  • Inmate work programs.  Most inmates have a job while they are in prison.  This job can provide much needed vocational training and can make it easier to transition back into society when their sentences are over.
  • Purchasing commissary items.  Inmates with jobs will earn a small wage which they can then spend on items at the commissary to provide entertainment or comfort.
  • Day-room and recreational activities.  The day-room is a place where inmates can gather to play games, watch television, or simply visit.

Prisons grant privileges for a number of reasons.  Privileges are used as an incentive for good behavior and sanction bad behavior by inmates.  Privileges are used to alleviate widespread prisoner dissent which can lead to riots.  While privileges can make incarceration more tolerable, it is important to remember that they are not the same as constitutionally or legally guaranteed rights.  Privileges can be suspended at any time or any reason as set forth in the prison’s rules.

Bad Boys Bail Bonds Reflects On Ten Years in Business

BadBoys_10Year_Anniversary_Blog

Bad Boys Bail Bonds Utah is a family owned bonding agency that began in 2005. This year we are celebrating our 10 year anniversary. We started the business after witnessing people who had made minor legal mistakes being treated like nothing more than a dollar sign. We realized that we could be part of the problem, or part of the solution. We help families navigate the complex legal system and get their loved ones back to their regular lives and jobs. Being in the bail bonds business is rewarding to provide a service people depend on.

What has Changed in the Utah Bail Bond Industry Over the Past 10 Years?

In the past, bail bondsmen were not held accountable for the minimum or maximum amounts they charged. This resulted in charges being all over the board with little uniformity among companies. Now, bail bonds companies must charge a 10% minimum bond fee, and can charge up to a 20% maximum bond fee. This has helped level the playing field for bail bond companies in Utah.

Another small change in the bail bond industry has to do with the actual jail. Nowadays, the jail charges a bonding fee to the inmate. The jail charges a $5 fee for each warrant the inmate is bailed out on. This means that if you had two warrants, the jail would charge you $10 on top of your bail amount. If the jail charges a fee in order to process a bail bond, the actual fee may be passed through to the defendant or the co-signer.

bail industry badge utah

Difference Between Bail Bond Agents and Bail Recovery Agents (Bounty Hunters)

Bail bond agents put up the money in order to get you out of jail, whereas bail recovery agents, also called bounty hunters, are the ones who arrest you and bring you back to jail. Bail bond agents hire bail recovery agents for a percentage of the bond to return a bail skipper to jail, which protects the bail bond agency’s investment. While they are completely different occupations, the bounty hunter is vital to the financial success of the bail bondsman.

What has Changed in the Bail Recovery Industry Over the Past 10 Years?

pistol petes utah bounty hunter training

Contact Pistol Petes to become a Utah certified bail recovery agent

The bail recovery industry has also changed over the past decade. One of the biggest changes is that the industry is much more regulated. A person choosing this line of work, now must get certified before being able to get a job in the field. Here is what it takes to become a Utah bail recovery agent:

  • Must meet some basic requirements such as being 21 years of age, a legal citizen of the United States, and you cannot have any felonies on your record
  • Must complete utah bail enforcement education and training requirements
  • Must pass Utah bail recovery exam
  • Must submit an application to the state of Utah
  • Obtain proper weapon permits

Once a recovery agent obtains their license they can get their official badge. Utah Code Ann. § 53-11-121 allows a bail enforcement agent or bail recovery agent to wear or display a badge of a design approved by the Bail Bond Recovery Licensure Board. Bail recovery agents are required to carry their badge with their professional license number on it.

Benefits of Privatized Bail Bonds vs Government Controlled

Bail bondsmen and bail recovery agents are entrepreneurs. Bail industry professionals pay for their own handcuffs, pay for their own education, etc. If the government handled these industries, it would cost Utah more in taxes in order for the state to provide the equipment and training to government employees. Privatized bail saves tax payers money!

Another benefit of bondsmen and bounty hunters is the time they free up with local law enforcement. Bounty hunters handle the tasks of taking criminals who have jumped bail, back to jail (usually for minor offenses like pot charges). This leaves the police more time to focus on more serious crimes that could be occurring. Additionally, bail and bounty agents treat people with care and respect. People who contact us for bail are paying customers, and we treat them well so they will return to us next time.  If the government handled the bail industry, people seeking bonds would be treated more like they are at the jail (and we’ll leave you to form your own opinion on how that would be different)

Bad Boys Bail Bonds Utah

This Utah bail bond industry is rarely ever dull, and many aspects have changed over the past decade. One thing unchanged is our commitment to the people of Utah, and our goal of offering excellent service to our clients 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. It is our intention for our customers to be able to turn to us for ten more years, and beyond!

 

Solitary Confinement: Torture by Any Other Name?

Solitary-Confinement

In 1842, Charles Dickens wrote that an inmate in solitary confinement “is a man buried alive … dead to everything but torturing anxieties and horrible despair.”

In their Statement for the Record to the Senate Judiciary Committee on Solitary Confinement in June of 2012, the Physicians for Human Rights confirmed that 170 years later, Dickens’ observations still apply. Although the harmful effects of solitary confinement have been well documented since its first use in the early 19th century, isolation has seen a resurgence in popularity since the 1980s. Solitary Watch offers the following estimate on the number of U.S. prisoners currently detained inside cramped, concrete, windowless cells in a state of near-total solitude:

“Based on available data, there are at least 80,000 prisoners in isolated confinement on any given day in America’s prisons and jails, including some 25,000 in long-term solitary in supermax prisons.”

Utah State Prison’s Uinta 1 facility, the prison’s super-maximum solitary confinement unit, is always at or near its 96-inmate capacity. Prisoners have reported a series of violations to Solitary Watch over the years.

What is Solitary Confinement?

Solitary confinement is also known as isolation, control units, supermax prisons, the hole, SHUs (Special Housing Units), administrative segregation, maximum security, or permanent lockdown.

Prisoners can be placed in these units as punishment, for holding while they are under investigation, for behavior modification purposes, due to gang involvement, or as retribution for political activism. Jailhouse lawyers and jailhouse doctors are often placed in solitary confinement to curtail their advocacy work on behalf of other inmates.

A 2006 investigation found that as many as 64 percent of prisoners in isolation were mentally ill. People of color are over represented in isolation units as they are in prisons overall.

The tiny, well-lit cells have a toilet, a sink, and a steel bed. There is a small slot in the door to accommodate a food tray. Prisoners usually have their phone, mail, and visit privileges revoked. A 2014 study found that over 90 percent of New York City’s inmates did not even receive their legally required one-hour of recreation outside of their 7-by-12-foot cells. A 2012 letter from a Raleigh, N.C. prisoner, describes life in his 6-by-8-foot cell with one hour of daily recreation, walking around a cage.

SHU Syndrome and Prison Psychosis

Prolonged solitary confinement has been demonstrated to cause anxiety, depression, anger, paranoia, hallucinations, confused thought processes, and violent fantasies. Self-harm and suicide are more common in solitary than among the general prison population.

Physiological effects include headaches, lethargy, nightmares, insomnia, dizziness, heart palpitations, oversensitivity to noise and touch, digestive problems, weight loss, and eyesight deterioration. The Physicians for Human Rights add that “because they have more limited access to medical services, both pre-existing illnesses and illnesses resulting from time spent in solitary confinement often go untreated.”

Many prisoners are released directly to the streets after spending years in isolation, American Friends Service Committee states. “Because of this, long-term solitary confinement goes beyond a problem of prison conditions, to pose a formidable public safety and community health problem.” Because inmates are prohibited from educational and vocational opportunities and have limited visitation rights during their incarceration, they are “deeply traumatized and essentially socially disabled.” It is no surprise that their recidivism rates are high.

In testimony before the Senate Judiciary on Solitary Confinement in 2012, the Physicians for Human Rights concluded:

“The physiological and, especially, psychological harm caused by even a relatively short period in solitary confinement is indisputable…There is no question that the harm caused to an inmate or detainee kept in solitary confinement outweighs any benefit in all but the most extreme cases.”

Is Solitary Confinement Torture?

The Physicians for Human Rights believe so. In the way in which it is used in the United States today, solitary confinement constitutes torture and/or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment, in violation of both international law and America’s founding principles.”

International human rights experts have recommended that solitary confinement be abolished totally as a human rights abuse and form of torture. In August 2011, Juan Mendez, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, “concluded that even 15 days in solitary confinement constitutes torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and 15 days is the limit after which irreversible harmful psychological effects can occur.”

24 Hour Bail Bondsman in Utah

Bad Boys Bail Bonds agents are available 24/7, 365 days a year, serving the entire state of Utah for their bail bonding needs. We are a family owned company who will make sure your loved ones spend as little as time as possible in jail. Contact a Utah Bad Boys Bail Bonds agent today!

What Rights Do Utah Inmates Have While Incarcerated?

What Rights Do Utah Inmates HaveWhile

Recently, the ACLU of Michigan filed a federal lawsuit concerning alleged inhumane treatment of female inmates in Muskegon County Jail. The Michigan suit claims physically unsafe conditions, degradation by allowing male guards to watch the women shower, change clothes, and use the restroom. The complaint also alleges that women were denied access to basic sanitary items such as toilet paper, clean underwear, and feminine hygiene products,

Londora Kitchens, one of the plaintiffs’ in the lawsuit, pointed out that she knew she had broken the law which garnered jail time, “However, nobody deserves to be forced to live like an animal and be treated like one. We are women deserving of basic respect, sanitary conditions, bodily privacy, and simply to be treated like the women we are.” This brings us to the topic of inmate rights. What (if any) rights do inamtes have while they are incarcerated? We don’t have time to discuss all inmate rights in this blog, but let’s talk about a few main rights.

What Rights Do Inmates Have?

While some inmate rights may vary slightly from state to state, federal law guarantees basic human rights to all inmates under the United States Constitution of America. Inmates in Utah have inalienable rights that must be upheld through the entire legal process, from pretrial detainment to conviction, and incarceration, should that occur. We should also mention that inmate rights are different than inmate privlages.

constitution gaurantees certain rights to inmates

Pretrial Detainees

Pretrial detainees are afforded the same human rights that any inmate is privy to. The intake process and screening should be done in a timely manner, which assures the detainee of proper medical and mental health assessments. Officials must take into account, the detainee’s age, vulnerability, and special needs when choosing housing. Single cell occupancy should be given if the detainee is not deemed safe among other inmates. The detainee is entitled to a clean, safe, environment that allows visitation and recreational activities. Any detainee with special needs is entitled to proper care.

Inmates Have the Right to Be Free from Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Inmates are afforded the right to be free from any cruel or unusual punishment. When a person is incarcerated, the incarceration is the punishment for the crime they committed, there cannot be further punishment by guards or other prisoners. No torture, abuse, or degradation is legally allowed to occur.

 

Inmates Have the Right to Nutritios Food and Exercise

Inmates are also guaranteed by the law to adequate nutrition, healthful food, which is palatable. Inmates are entitled to at least one hot meal per day. Any inmate with special dietary needs has the right to have their dietary needs met. All food must be prepared in a sanitary way.

Inmates are entitled to exercise outdoors for a minimum of one hour per day if weather permits. Inmates have the right to adequate time out of their cells each day for recreational purposes, as well as time to maintain their health.

Inmates Have the Right to Be Free from Sexual Harassment

All inmates have the right to be free from sexual harassment from not only other prisoners, but guards as well. This includes more than sexual aggression and includes sexual innuendo, suggestions, or any type of sexual harassment.

inmate rightsInmates Have the Right to Voice Complaints and Access to the Courts

All inmates also have the right to voice any complaints they may have against the jail or prison where they are housed. Inmates have this right without the fear of reprisal. Inmates have the right to have access to the courts to voice any complaints as well.

Disabled Inmates Rights’ Are Protected by the American’s with Disabilities Act

Disabled inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act. A disable inmate must be given adequate medical attention according to their needs, as well as the adequate housing and access to all facilities that other inmates have access to.

Inmates Have the Right to Adequate Medical and Mental Health Care

All inmates are entitled to adequate medical and mental healthcare. This includes continued care, checkups, and emergency care. If special medical treatment is required, inmates have the right to receive such care, including dental care without being charged a fee. Geriatric, female inmates, inmates under the age of eighteen, and inmates with disabilities are entitled to treatment sensitive to their needs when possible.

Inmates Have the Right to Freedom of Speech

Inmates have the right, just as any American, to freedom of speech which is protected under the First Amendment, just as freedom of religion is protected. Inmates may exercise this right to the extent that it does not interfere with their status as an inmate. For instance letters may be written and received, without fear of reprisal if an inmate expresses views on prison life or prison staff.

Inmates Have the Right to Be Free from Discrimination

Inmates also have the right to be free of any kind of discrimination while incarcerated. This includes discrimination due to age, religious beliefs, sexual preferences, disability, or racial segregation.

Inmates Have the Right to Privacy

Inmates also have the right to an appropriate degree of privacy when using the restroom, showering, and any other situations where a degree of privacy would be expected. There are exceptions to this in prison, however privacy is to be observed whenever possible.

Inmates Have the Right to Organize

Inmates also have the right to organize in prison for many purposes. One of which, is to demand changes in the prison if problems in living conditions, healthcare, or inmates rights are being violated. Inmates have this right as well as the right to be free from reprisal for doing so.

Inmates Have the Right to Be Notified of Disciplinary Action

Inmates also have the right to know what type of conduct warrants a disciplinary action. All rules and regulations should be made available to the inmate in a handbook or in a way that may be reviewed if needed.

Knowing your rights is the best way to protect them. If you have been arrested, Bad Boys Bail Bonds makes sure that you don’t have to spend any more time in jail than you have to. At Bad Boys, we believe you’re innocent until proven guilty and we treat you that way. We hope you never need us, but if you do we’re here for you 24/7. If you or a loved one needs a great bail bond company, you’ve just found it.

 

 

The Effects of Legalized Marijuana on Crime and Incarceration Rates

legalized marijuana and crime rate

With this last election, as Alaska, Oregon and our nation’s capital joined Washington and Colorado in legalizing marijuana use within their borders. But what about the effects has the legalization of marijuana had on incarceration rates in states where it’s been legalized? Will legalization lower prison populations, ease the strain on law enforcement agencies and help lower crime by allowing law enforcement officers to pursue more serious crimes? Here’s what we’ve discovered, looking both nationwide and to our eastern neighbor Colorado, whose legalization of recreational marijuana use made national headlines last fall:

Legalized Marijuana Changes in Arrest and Prosecutionlegalized marijuana stats

Though one would expect to see significant decreases in the number of people arrested for marijuana possession and use after legalization, there have actually been some other areas which have also had surprisingly low statistics for arrests and prosecutions. Whether it’s just the quiet, happy feeling calming the inner road rage or people not going on the road after consuming marijuana, with California, Hawaii and Rhode Island each seeing sharp drops in traffic fatalities after medical marijuana was legalized, according to a Forbes article earlier this year. This is attributed in the Washington Post to a substitution effect, as people substitute marijuana use for alcohol use.

Legalized Marijuana and Changes in Usage

report prepared by the Kentucky Legislative Research Commission found that in most states where medical marijuana had been legalized, there was either a small increase (1.7% or less), no notable change or a strong decrease (up to 9.2%) in marijuana use following legalization. Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper stated in a recent Forbes interview that after six months of legalization, the state hadn’t seen any serious upswing in usage. There has been an increase in “marijuana tourists” in the state, as people traveling to buy marijuana has increased, but this also creates an increase in the economy through related travel expenses such as fuel, lodging and dining.

Legalized Marijuana and Changes in Crime Statistics

After Colorado legalized marijuana last fall, speculation was rampant that the crime rate would increase. A year later, those higher rates have not only not materialized, they’ve actually dropped. According to a recent report by the City of Denver, property crime declined 7.7% and violent crime declined 2.4% when comparing the first ten months of 2013 (before legalization) to the first ten months of 2014 (after legalization). What’s more, this has taken place while making the state what’s estimated to be just shy of $29 million dollars in tax revenues by the end of September to support schools and other initiatives as marijuana tourism becomes more popular.

Where Utah Stands on Legalized Marijuana

There are few proponents of legalization in Utah’s state government, with a few individuals stepping out of the shadows in the name of medical marijuana. In Utah, possession or sale of marijuana or paraphernalia in any amount carries a minimum of a misdemeanor or felony, fines and jail time, and revocation of your driver’s license for six months if convicted. If you need a bail bond company you can trust, contact Bad Boys Bail Bonds, a family-owned professional company open 24 hours a day 365 days a year.

What do you think of the legalization of marijuana? What about the uses of hemp? Tell us in the comments!